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Aldea starts work in
the region of Ñuble
ARCHITECTURE, CITIZENSHIP & LEARNING
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ÑUBLE REGION, CHILE
SEPTEMBER 2020 - DECEMBER 2021
Basic Study: "Update of the Inventory of the Built Cultural Heritage of the Ñuble Region"
We are pleased to share that we have been awarded, through a public tender, the Basic Study: "Update of the Inventory of the Built Cultural Heritage of the Ñuble Region", ID 1064388-4-LR20, which is mandated by the Directorate of Architecture of the Ministry of Public Works.
The objective of the study is to update the inventory of tangible heritage focusing on buildings, structures and areas of heritage value. The outcomes of this Inventory are essential, not only for the management and enhancement of the built cultural heritage of the region, but also to guide public investment in the matter. Working within this framework, the proposal focuses on districts where the protection of cultural heritage can act as a dynamic motor of local activities, recognising territorial identity as a political and economic strategy.
Although the proposal is based upon updating the built heritage inventory, in reality this project invites us to develop the first ever inventory of the region, as a recently established territorial and administrative unit. Our proposal seeks to provide a participatory methodology by opening up to citizen voices, as well as key actors within the fields of culture, heritage and landscape, fundamental to highlight the elements of heritage that until now have only been valued locally.
In turn, the absence of a pre-existing inventory that addresses the territory as a region (since the previous inventory only addresses it as a province of the Biobío Region and had 51 elements), and the possibility of multiplying the number of properties and areas of value by a factor of 6 (that is, to be able to reach more than 300), provides the necessary conditions to implement a methodology of identification aimed at highlighting the close link between the built cultural heritage sites and the landscape that surrounds it, as interrelated entities, in permanent dialogue.
The study will carry out an exhaustive historical and contextual analysis, crucial in order to contextualise each property and area of value, but also to configure the narrative that will structure the chronological development of the history and identities of the region. In this understanding, our ethical and epistemic criteria will address the territory in the recognition of its cultural diversity, considering an approach towards gender and promoting a multidimensional narrative from the methodological theoretical tools of urban cultural studies, social history and the historical framework of the architecture theory.
The team is extensive and is made up of leading specialists in heritage and architecture, as well as professionals in the areas of archeology, geography, social work, history, urban planning and law. The inventory will be addressed, as a multidisciplinary investigation that will promote dialogue and collaboration between disciplines.
The survey methodology in the field will make use of the Survey 123 application, which will allow for rapid digital data collection, and the possibility of standardising the information with other territorial information systems, which makes the results of the study more transparent and accessible.
Finally, it is essential to point out that after an initial visit to the Ñuble region carried out by the consulting team, in September of this year, it was possible to verify the high level of ecosystem degradation suffered by the region, as a result of the monoculture forest and agricultural plantations. This presents a problem, but also a challenge for this work, since it suggests a greater difficulty when identifying and characterizing landscapes and / or areas of heritage value in the region. However, this situation justifies in a more robust way the preparation of this inventory, since according to the evident state of risk in which the cultural and natural heritage of the region is found, it is urgent to identify the elements of value, with the objective of guiding public policies to its conservation and protection. This aspect will be incorporated into the assessment process, as well as we believe that it is an ethical component to consider in all the analysis that is developed within the framework of this work.
Photographs by Daniela Morales
Pavilions from the 1953 earthquake, Quirihue
Viñas de cabeza, Ninhue
Caleta Rinconada, Cobquecura
Confluencia bridge, Chillán y Portezuelo
Continuous façade of adobe typology, Bulnes